Notes from Anthropology for social activists, 10 Mar 2018

On Saturday, March 10, 2018 Michael Chumakin held the third lecture on Anthropology for Social Activists.

Notes for March 10, 2018

epigraf:
We cannot comprehend some fenomena not because we lack reasoning powers, but because those fenomena are not in our books.

Kozma Prutkoff, 1854.
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Kozma_Prutkov

1.0. Sense perception, nervous system as the 1st signal system of an animal. Speech makes the 2nd signal system (I. Pavlov).
Emotions and modality: good-bad-neutral, comfortable-threatening, must-may-can.
Willpower.
1.1. The leading role of fiziological components.
“Eureka!” by Archimedes of Syracuse example: emotions are part of abstract reasoning.
The idea that there are certain virtues formed a common thread in Socrates’ teachings. These virtues represented the most important qualities for a person to have, foremost of which were the philosophical or intellectual virtues. Socrates stressed that “the unexamined life is not worth living [and] ethical virtue is the only thing that matters. Socrates went on trial [85] and was subsequently found guilty of both corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens and of impiety (asebeia [86] – “not believing in the gods of the state”),[87] and as a punishment sentenced to death, caused by the drinking of a mixture containing poison hemlock
1.2. Ogden Triangle.
Ogden and Richards. “The Meaning of Meaning”, (1923)(see an illustration #1).

1.3. Hans Jørgen Uldall, 1907—1957.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_J%C3%B8rgen_Uldall
a Danish linguist known for developing the linguistic theory of glossematics with Louis Hjelmslev.
“Real reasoning is like dancing horses: it happens as seldom while we do not need it very often; one has to learn it specifically; even well trained to reason people fail reasoning on the next try after having done it once.”
1.4. Plato: people do not think, they remember instead.
1.5. The Reasoning Square: by the Moscow Methodological Circle,1962.
(see an illustration #2)meaning square MMC.

1.6. Explanations:
— who is Stalin? (objectified content, meaning)
— a child learning to speak;
— calculating the speed of a car; v = s / t
— finding the location for running;
— similarities and differences between a computer and a human.

2.0. ii taxonomy (typology of intellectual implements).
2.1. Big ideas, leading principles. They do not need to be proven.
— stop and equate;
— evolution as a general principle;
— the idea of taxonomizing;
— General Systems Concept
Ludwig von Bertalanffy, 1968, “General Systems Theory”.
Carl Linnaeus, 1707 – 1778, the “father of modern taxonomy”.
Mendeleev’s Periodic Table, 1869.
— materialism (‘Snow Queen’ by Hans Andersen: Kai is trying to compose the word ‘eternity’ out of given ice cubes. The current scientific mood, belief is that we have to find some universal laws of everything; those laws do exist, all we have is to keep aligning existing pieces into the winning combination.) Kabbalah.
— behaviourism, freudism, neuro-linguistic programming, etc.
— Cooperation among people vs competition.

2.1.1. Examples.
Prince Peter Kropotkin. “Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution”, 1902.
A 100 people can do 10 thousand times more than 1 person.
10 thousand people can do a million times more than 100.
In manufacturing.
300 hundred million people to support one aircraft company.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle collider, the most complex experimental facility ever built, and the largest single machine in the world
How about Re-? Yet we need to find an adequate task that suits efforts of many people.

2.2. Two modes of reasoning.

— understanding as the major intellectual activity; allegory, fairy tales, Pythia. Categories and notions. Reflection.
— naive simplicity; ‘play dumb’: “what is your definition of God?”.

2.3. Example.
Felix Martin. “Money: The Unauthorised Biography.” 2013, ISBN: 9780099578529.
p. 10. Adam Smith. F. Martin: the entire conventional theory of money is false.
p.12. “The conventional theory holds that money is a ‘thing’ — a commodity chosen from amongst the universe of commodities to serve as a medium of exchange…”
p. 273. As a matter of fact, “ … money is, like language, … a social phenomenon…”
K. Marx. “Das Kapital”.
Part One: Commodities and Money
• 1.1 Chapter 1: The Commodity
• 1.2 Chapter 2: Exchange
• 1.3 Chapter 3: Money, or the Circulation of Commodities
• 2 Part Two: The Transformation of Money into Capital
Chapter 1: The Commodity (Section one)
In this section—which is subtitled “The Two Factors of the Commodity: Use- Value and Value (Substance of Value, Magnitude of Value)”—Marx introduces us to his analysis of commodities. A commodity is an external object that satisfies a human need either directly or indirectly. He says that useful things can be looked at from the point of view of quality and quantity. They have many attributes and can therefore be used in many ways.
2.3.1. The current trend in public intellect: humans got more ii as a whole while demonstrating general decline in individual mastership of ii.
The role of The Internet and smartphones, FB and Twitter.

2.4. Existing various ii taxonomies based on various approaches:
— filology (criticism in literature);
— text analysis (a la Oleg Anisimov: schematized trains of thought found in the text instead of dealing with images thus exteriorizing one’s understanding and easily following the most complex concepts);
— logics; (‘logical conclusions’: first we jump to the conlusions, then we explain them, find a logical train of thought to support them. Kant, Fichte. )
— filosofical approach (notion and category analysis).
— TRIZ is “a problem-solving, analysis and forecasting tool derived from the study of patterns of invention in the global patent literature”. literally: “theory of the resolution of invention-related tasks”). It was developed by the Soviet inventor and science-fiction author Genrich Altshuller (1926-1998) and his colleagues, beginning in 1946. In English the name is typically rendered as “the theory of inventive problem solving”, and occasionally goes by the English acronym TIPS.
— Spiral dynamics (Spiral Dynamics is a data-based, psychological approach to understanding worldviews or systems of thinking held by individuals, organisations and societies. It is concerned with:
• how people respond to the world around them in given circumstances and with their particular coping abilities (rather than categorising people as ‘types’)
• how people think about things (conceptualisation), rather than what they think about (concepts) – for example, is their thinking binary and absolutist (‘if it’s not black, then it must be white’), or do they acknowledge and seem comfortable with ambiguity and uncertainty?
complex questions about change including ‘HOW should WHO lead WHOM to do WHAT and WHEN?’ )
Clare W. Graves (1914 – 1986) was a professor of psychology and originator of a theory of adult human development. He was born in New Richmond, Indiana.
Don Edward Beck and Christopher C. Cowan. “Spiral Dynamics”. 1995.
http://www.spiraldynamics.ua/Graves/colors.htm
Dr. Clare W. Graves’s Emergent, Cyclical Levels of Existence Theory Applied: COLORS of Thinking in SD (1995). Originally Dr. Graves used letters.
(see illustrations #3, 4, 5).

3.0. Complexity.
3.1. Examples:
— construction: design, research, finance, workforce, edifice structure.
— filology: complex sentence.
— engineering: a clock.
— fuzzy problems: mostly society related.

4. Moral values.
“He who does not work, neither shall he eat” (2 Thessalonians 3:10)
The Ten Commandments, Moral Code of the Builder of Communism,
Develop 5 points like a star: excel in:
— Profession,
— community work (e.g.: newsreporting, volunteering),
— private life (family included),
— health (sports included),
— hobby.
Boy Scout Rule.
Rules for cooperative behaviour: everyone works for the common good (end result) while understanding each other’s functions and following one’s team members’ actions.

5. How does Grammar work?

6. The fourth lecture is scheduled for
Saturday, April 7
at Waterloo Public Library (35 Albert Street)
Boardroom (first floor, near kids quarters).
Start: 9:45 am, finish 11:45 am.