Notes from Anthropology for social activists, April 07, 2018


Lecture plan 4

epigraf:
“Ipsa scientia potestas est”
(‘knowledge itself is power’)
Sir Francis Bacon. Meditationes Sacrae (1597).

1. Review consciousness works:

1st signal system (fiziologically based and genetically inherited):
— senses (vision, tactile, balance, hearing, taste, etc. Up to 20 various sense perceptions)
— emotions (joy, sadness, excitement, curiousity, love, surprise, etc. Up to a 100)
— modality, attitudes, ethics. (good-bad-neutral-comfortable-threatening-must-taboo. Up to 20)
2nd signal system (I. Pavlov):
— speech. Biologicaly potential, evolvs only within social interaction.
‘Social component’ in human rides its animal base.

Monitor (screen) of consciousness: similar to a flash light.
Categories/notions help directing that light.

2. Living organism as a system.
Difference from a mathematical (scientific) system.
Organs of an alive system (animal) duplicate each other functionally to increase its endurance.
Classical example of a change in a social system: capitalism to socialism.

3. Q.: How to approach Reasoning (Re-) scientifically?
A.:
— to view it outside of human body.
— use Math (e.g. approach based on statistics)
— use terminology.
Objectified content –> symbol (texts).

Levels of human perception
science
human
micro
Electron, boson, gamma
Aspects of individual psyche
macro
Classical mechanics
One human, small group
mega
galaxies
Society, civilization

One separate human cannot sustain a minimal cell of standard human existence (under standard circumstances).
One separate human is an atom of the whole system, and cannot see it in its totality.

4. The minimal (irreducible) cell of Human.
Terms:

— activity: autopoietical (self reproducing) pattern of human group actions.
— a separate human: a node of group relations with regards to major social activities, such as education (learning), manufacturing, and leisure.
— Reasoning activity: human activity to solve fresh problems. Includes understanding, reflection, communication, and operations on symbols.

Storage of knowledge, information flows, people.
Consequences from the scientific approach:
— idle thinking is not Re-;
— it is spread in time and among people: one step forward per 100 years in filosofy;
— can be traced on paper, viewed in diagrams.

5. Minimal cell of Re- (Hegel, Bertalanffy)
Conclusion: Human is a super complex system in terms of:
— Substrate: several types of matter (dead, alive, information, social interactions).
— Structure: one system is a component of another one (matryoshka).
— Morfologically: discontinuous in time.
— Functionally: diversified.
— Processes: diversified.
5. Filosofical Digression about Mind being.
Life can exist only when there is a living organism.
Information can exist only when there is a device to process it.
Governing makes sense when there is a stable functioning institution.

Is there an Absolute Ethics? Notions of good/bad irrespective of individual stratum?
It’s possible if there is another conscious (solicitous) system that embraces our noosphere.

Mind (the same as life, or running) is not a thing but a process or a function.

6. The Most Generalized Theory of Governing (for any size of a team).
Have you ever managed a team of
— 3 people?
— 15 people?
— 200 people?
— 2 000 people?
— 45 million?
Where to learn to be a canadian minister?

Any system (or a process) can be directed, governed, controlled, managed, operated, driven, ruled, steered.

7. Pre-requisites of the MGTofG.

The object: society. View it as a system:
material: people relations, info flows, social patterns, eggregors.
function: sustain society autpoiesis (selfreproduction),
processes: various
structure: several interlaced systems.

The subject: individuals and groups who excercise willpower.

(real) Power: ability to bring an object (a process) to a desired (planned) state (condition).

Hierarchy of power levels:

1
Methodological (worldviews, reasoning culture, the concept of governance)
speed
capacity
2
Chronological (history, concept for historical trends)

3
Facts (science, technology, links among various processes, belief systems)

4
Economical (money flows and industry)

5
Genetical (alchohol, substances, ways of life and diet, environmental issues)

6
Military power

Power is performed (and viewed) in its full functionality.
The full power function:
1. determine the environment in totality of all its aspects.
2. train the skill of recognizing these aspects.
3. formulate the objective vector with regards to a certain factor. Coordinate this new vector with the set of other existing objective vectors.
4. formulate the general concept of guiding (ruling, steering) this vector.
5. form (start, organize) new stuctures to deliver on the formulated vector and its concept. Re-organize (reform) existing structures that deal with this vector.
6. Monitor (control) those structures while they function to deliver on the objective in course of governing.
7. Either demolish the new structures after the objective is accomplished or maintain them in working order.
8. Non-structured governing.

9. Scenarios for our modern society.

Global Predictor. Aristotle, Herbert Wells (1886-1946), “The Time machine”( 1895), Henry Kissenger (1923).

Responding to the siren has become inborn, and the Eloi now do so like cattle. The Morlocks use whips to herd them.
Inner predictor for RF. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjMzt5EYHQygFV70jjQ2L0g/videos subtitles.
The idea is that both Georgia_Guidestones and Denver airport murals are messages from those elites that disclose their plans for the future.
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgia_Guidestones 

2. Denver murals
— wiki reference https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denver_International_Airport 

cite:
Conspiracies and controversy
There are several conspiracy theories relating to the airport’s design and construction such as the runways being laid out in a shape similar to a swastika. Murals painted in the baggage claim area have been claimed to contain themes referring to future military oppression and a one-world government. However, the artist, Leo Tanguma, said the murals, titled “In Peace and Harmony With Nature” and “The Children of the World Dream of Peace,” depict man-made environmental destruction and genocide along with humanity coming together to heal nature and live in peace.[102]
Conspiracists have also seen unusual markings in the terminals in DIA and have recorded them as “Templar” markings.[103] They have pointed to unusual words cut into the floor as being Satanic, Masonic,[104] or some impenetrable secret code of the New World Order: Cochetopa, Sisnaajini and Dzit Dit Gaii. Two of these words are actually misspelled Navajo terms for geographical sites in Colorado. “Braaksma” and “Villarreal” are actually the names of Carolyn Braaksma and Mark Villarreal, artists who worked on the airport’s sculptures and paintings.[105]
There is a dedication marker in the airport inscribed with the words “New World Airport Commission”. It also is inscribed with the Square and Compasses of the Freemasons, along with a listing of the two Grand Lodges of Freemasonry in Colorado. It is mounted over a time capsule that was sealed during the dedication of the airport, to be opened in 2094.[106]
Denver and jurisdictions surrounding the airport are involved in a protracted dispute over how to develop land around the facility. Denver Mayor Michael Hancock wants to add commercial development around the airport, but officials in Adams County believe doing so violates the original agreement that allowed Denver to annex the land on which the airport sits.[108]
For pictures (murals) and detailed explanation plese see this:
https://vigilantcitizen.com/sinistersites/sinister-sites-the-denver-international-airport/ 

Notes from Anthropology for social activists, 10 Mar 2018

On Saturday, March 10, 2018 Michael Chumakin held the third lecture on Anthropology for Social Activists.

Notes for March 10, 2018

epigraf:
We cannot comprehend some fenomena not because we lack reasoning powers, but because those fenomena are not in our books.

Kozma Prutkoff, 1854.
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Kozma_Prutkov

1.0. Sense perception, nervous system as the 1st signal system of an animal. Speech makes the 2nd signal system (I. Pavlov).
Emotions and modality: good-bad-neutral, comfortable-threatening, must-may-can.
Willpower.
1.1. The leading role of fiziological components.
“Eureka!” by Archimedes of Syracuse example: emotions are part of abstract reasoning.
The idea that there are certain virtues formed a common thread in Socrates’ teachings. These virtues represented the most important qualities for a person to have, foremost of which were the philosophical or intellectual virtues. Socrates stressed that “the unexamined life is not worth living [and] ethical virtue is the only thing that matters. Socrates went on trial [85] and was subsequently found guilty of both corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens and of impiety (asebeia [86] – “not believing in the gods of the state”),[87] and as a punishment sentenced to death, caused by the drinking of a mixture containing poison hemlock
1.2. Ogden Triangle.
Ogden and Richards. “The Meaning of Meaning”, (1923)(see an illustration #1).

1.3. Hans Jørgen Uldall, 1907—1957.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_J%C3%B8rgen_Uldall
a Danish linguist known for developing the linguistic theory of glossematics with Louis Hjelmslev.
“Real reasoning is like dancing horses: it happens as seldom while we do not need it very often; one has to learn it specifically; even well trained to reason people fail reasoning on the next try after having done it once.”
1.4. Plato: people do not think, they remember instead.
1.5. The Reasoning Square: by the Moscow Methodological Circle,1962.
(see an illustration #2)meaning square MMC.

1.6. Explanations:
— who is Stalin? (objectified content, meaning)
— a child learning to speak;
— calculating the speed of a car; v = s / t
— finding the location for running;
— similarities and differences between a computer and a human.

2.0. ii taxonomy (typology of intellectual implements).
2.1. Big ideas, leading principles. They do not need to be proven.
— stop and equate;
— evolution as a general principle;
— the idea of taxonomizing;
— General Systems Concept
Ludwig von Bertalanffy, 1968, “General Systems Theory”.
Carl Linnaeus, 1707 – 1778, the “father of modern taxonomy”.
Mendeleev’s Periodic Table, 1869.
— materialism (‘Snow Queen’ by Hans Andersen: Kai is trying to compose the word ‘eternity’ out of given ice cubes. The current scientific mood, belief is that we have to find some universal laws of everything; those laws do exist, all we have is to keep aligning existing pieces into the winning combination.) Kabbalah.
— behaviourism, freudism, neuro-linguistic programming, etc.
— Cooperation among people vs competition.

2.1.1. Examples.
Prince Peter Kropotkin. “Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution”, 1902.
A 100 people can do 10 thousand times more than 1 person.
10 thousand people can do a million times more than 100.
In manufacturing.
300 hundred million people to support one aircraft company.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle collider, the most complex experimental facility ever built, and the largest single machine in the world
How about Re-? Yet we need to find an adequate task that suits efforts of many people.

2.2. Two modes of reasoning.

— understanding as the major intellectual activity; allegory, fairy tales, Pythia. Categories and notions. Reflection.
— naive simplicity; ‘play dumb’: “what is your definition of God?”.

2.3. Example.
Felix Martin. “Money: The Unauthorised Biography.” 2013, ISBN: 9780099578529.
p. 10. Adam Smith. F. Martin: the entire conventional theory of money is false.
p.12. “The conventional theory holds that money is a ‘thing’ — a commodity chosen from amongst the universe of commodities to serve as a medium of exchange…”
p. 273. As a matter of fact, “ … money is, like language, … a social phenomenon…”
K. Marx. “Das Kapital”.
Part One: Commodities and Money
• 1.1 Chapter 1: The Commodity
• 1.2 Chapter 2: Exchange
• 1.3 Chapter 3: Money, or the Circulation of Commodities
• 2 Part Two: The Transformation of Money into Capital
Chapter 1: The Commodity (Section one)
In this section—which is subtitled “The Two Factors of the Commodity: Use- Value and Value (Substance of Value, Magnitude of Value)”—Marx introduces us to his analysis of commodities. A commodity is an external object that satisfies a human need either directly or indirectly. He says that useful things can be looked at from the point of view of quality and quantity. They have many attributes and can therefore be used in many ways.
2.3.1. The current trend in public intellect: humans got more ii as a whole while demonstrating general decline in individual mastership of ii.
The role of The Internet and smartphones, FB and Twitter.

2.4. Existing various ii taxonomies based on various approaches:
— filology (criticism in literature);
— text analysis (a la Oleg Anisimov: schematized trains of thought found in the text instead of dealing with images thus exteriorizing one’s understanding and easily following the most complex concepts);
— logics; (‘logical conclusions’: first we jump to the conlusions, then we explain them, find a logical train of thought to support them. Kant, Fichte. )
— filosofical approach (notion and category analysis).
— TRIZ is “a problem-solving, analysis and forecasting tool derived from the study of patterns of invention in the global patent literature”. literally: “theory of the resolution of invention-related tasks”). It was developed by the Soviet inventor and science-fiction author Genrich Altshuller (1926-1998) and his colleagues, beginning in 1946. In English the name is typically rendered as “the theory of inventive problem solving”, and occasionally goes by the English acronym TIPS.
— Spiral dynamics (Spiral Dynamics is a data-based, psychological approach to understanding worldviews or systems of thinking held by individuals, organisations and societies. It is concerned with:
• how people respond to the world around them in given circumstances and with their particular coping abilities (rather than categorising people as ‘types’)
• how people think about things (conceptualisation), rather than what they think about (concepts) – for example, is their thinking binary and absolutist (‘if it’s not black, then it must be white’), or do they acknowledge and seem comfortable with ambiguity and uncertainty?
complex questions about change including ‘HOW should WHO lead WHOM to do WHAT and WHEN?’ )
Clare W. Graves (1914 – 1986) was a professor of psychology and originator of a theory of adult human development. He was born in New Richmond, Indiana.
Don Edward Beck and Christopher C. Cowan. “Spiral Dynamics”. 1995.
http://www.spiraldynamics.ua/Graves/colors.htm
Dr. Clare W. Graves’s Emergent, Cyclical Levels of Existence Theory Applied: COLORS of Thinking in SD (1995). Originally Dr. Graves used letters.
(see illustrations #3, 4, 5).

3.0. Complexity.
3.1. Examples:
— construction: design, research, finance, workforce, edifice structure.
— filology: complex sentence.
— engineering: a clock.
— fuzzy problems: mostly society related.

4. Moral values.
“He who does not work, neither shall he eat” (2 Thessalonians 3:10)
The Ten Commandments, Moral Code of the Builder of Communism,
Develop 5 points like a star: excel in:
— Profession,
— community work (e.g.: newsreporting, volunteering),
— private life (family included),
— health (sports included),
— hobby.
Boy Scout Rule.
Rules for cooperative behaviour: everyone works for the common good (end result) while understanding each other’s functions and following one’s team members’ actions.

5. How does Grammar work?

6. The fourth lecture is scheduled for
Saturday, April 7
at Waterloo Public Library (35 Albert Street)
Boardroom (first floor, near kids quarters).
Start: 9:45 am, finish 11:45 am.

Notes from Anthropology for social activists, 10 Feb 2018

On Saturday, February 10 2018 Michael Chumakin held the second lecture on Anthropology for Social Activists. Due to software malfunction he re-recorded his message a week later.

Notes for February 10-19, 2018

We are not in the business of finding better ways to explain the world;
but rather we are in the business of changing it.

1. Science.
We looked into science only to find the best possible sample of science, its thinking patterns.
It is classical mechanics and optics as done by G. Galilei, Newton, Kepler, Leibniz, and many others.
Other forms of knowledge: Mahabharata, the Vedas, the Bible, Russian fairy tales, the Iliad/Odyssey.

2. Science as hidden knowledge.
In ancient times that kind of knowledge was disclosed only to specifically chosen people. Pythagoras was one of them. The result was a much slower rate of social progress: the number of social changes was very low.
Socrat, Aristotle and stoics declared they can teach anyone for money.
Lyceum, other schools, universities opened floodgates for philosophy which was the original form of science. Hence the infamous ‘philosopher’s stone’ was a stone made according to science-philosophy, and now this science is known to everyone: beton, concrete.

Philosopher’s stone.
Recipe:
The water should weigh roughly half of that of the cement added. A concrete mix of 1 part cement : 2 parts sand : 4 parts coarse aggregate (by volume) should be used for footings. Concrete must be placed within half an hour of mixing.

Beton:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Davidovits
Davidovits, Joseph; Margie Morris (1988). The Pyramids: An Enigma Solved. New York: Dorset Press.

Science and common sense today. Why go deeper? There is some hidden knowledge today.

3. The crucial points to check for are:

Classical mechanics
biology
1
ontology
Matter is made of atoms; no God
Two major types of matter: dead and alive
2
Laws of nature
Light/gravity speed is instanteneuos
Two sets of laws; evolution; various kinds of eradiation
3
Laws of a concrete discipline
Newton laws, Kepler laws
taxonomy
4
Model of the object
Eternal, stable, tangible
Depends on the environment and other living orgs, life-death cycles, ever-changing; Hegel: the genus resides while individuals are transient;
autopoiesis (Objective Idea)
5
Specific intellectual implements (ii)
Formal logic,
Formal logic plus
6
super-concept
materialistic
Duality of live objects

4. Major scientific ii:
— formal logic;
— Math, formulae
— observation, collecting facts (data);
— hypothesis-theory; theory falsifiability-testability-refutability (Karl Popper)
— experiment;
— model is used to predict properties of the object in focus;
— continuity (it is based on previous research, develops former ideas), related to ajacent fields of knowledge (fizics-chemistry)

5. Aufheben or Aufhebung is a German word with several seemingly contradictory meanings, including “to lift up”, “to abolish”, “cancel” or “suspend”, or “to sublate”. The term has also been defined as “abolish”, “preserve”, and “transcend”. Refers mostly to social phenomena, like ‘socialism sublates capitalism’.
Samples of sublating:
a) egg –> larva –> caterpillar –> chrysalis –> butterfly
b) capitalism –> socialism. Capital, money, production for the sake of production are characteristic both for capitalism and socialism.
c) dead matter –> live matter. Hegel: “Individuum is mortal and the genus prevails for ever”.

6. The term autopoiesis (from Greek αὐτo- (auto-), meaning ‘self’, and ποίησις (poiesis), meaning ‘creation, production’) refers to a system capable of reproducing and maintaining itself. Humberto Maturana, constructivism.

Maturana, «AUTOPOIESIS, STRUCTURAL COUPLING AND COGNITION» : „living systems … existed … as autonomous totalities in a molecular medium with which they were in recursive molecular interchange. Through this understanding my claim became that a living system is a dynamic composite entity, realized as a unity as a closed network of productions of components such that through their interactions in composition and decomposition the components.“

7. Creaters of laser weapons who made a laser so powerful it could burn through a tank’s amour-plating could not harm a human body.
Splitting a dead matter molecule requires energy, and creating a new molecule (e.g.: making water) emits energy; vice versa for a bio-molecule: splitting a live matter molecule emits energy while creating a new one by combining two requires energy.

8. Progress from dead matter to live matter as sublating.

Origin of mind

1. life emergence: no clue.
There are two major hypotheses:
— it just happened so; it is a kind of a coincidence (Maturana, constructivism, coupling).
— there is a super Mind in the Universe who acts to his(her) own will; that very Mind conceived life on Earth.

2. The first signal system for feed back:
— nerves,
— nerves’ clusters;
— a specific nerves’ center.
Types of senses: light, sound, tactile, taste, gravity, acceleration, magnetic field, balance (up to 20 various senses).
There is one unversal frequency range for processing data in any earthly organism: 0.5 milliseconds.
The only way to get any advantage is to go deeper with data processing. Reasoning is nonphysiological: we cannot feel (experience) reasoning.

3. New step:
— consciousness monitor (screen);
— memory;
— processing pure data in that nervous center. Thinking, reasoning. Abstracting.
There are two major types of action in brain:
— senses, and
— abstract (virtual world center).
They differ in:
— speed,
— energy/ power consumption. Brain consumes up to 20% of all body energy.

4. Consciousness-unconsciousness, sleep.

5. Evaluation process: good/bad, comfortable, dangerous/threatening, vital/non-vital.

6. Huge leaps in increasing complexity through evolution.

Big number of factors multiplied by numerous links and effects on a number of levels. Singularity.

Technological singularity, a hypothetical moment in time when any physically conceivable level of technological advancement is attained instantaneously – up until physical limits are reached – usually as a consequence of artificial intelligence having progressed to the point where increasingly more efficient self-improvement is viable. Fictional examples – of robots brought about by per- and post-singularity technology – include Data from Star Trek and Marvin from The Hitchhikers’ Guide to the Galaxy.

7. Speech consciousness
Speech as the second sygnal system (I. Pavlov).
Sema as the minimum unit of meaning.
A sema serves as Lego pieces to construct words, word combinations, and sentences; thus people can make millions of words out of a limited number of basic units.
Estimated number of semas for one widely spread language: between 3 and 10 thousands depending on the usage area (there are thousands of technical terms that are used very rarely).
Words can be presented as semas combinations.
Example:
semas for the word ‘table’:
— a horizontal surface (walls are vertical)
— a flat surface
— a piece of furniture
— a place to eat at,
— a place to set stuff on,
— a flat surface with legs,
— stylistically neutral,
— and more.

Emotions/senses and modality serve as the markers for the semantic core. Cf.: barcode.

Neurophilosophy (the Churchlands) studies hardware instead of software.
Neurophilosophy treats Mind as an analogue device; thus they crack open human skulls and look into brain trying to locate words and thoughts.
If we see our Mind as a digital device we cannot locate exactly any part of code within body cells; it is the totality of our body (not only the brain) that bears reasoning.
We need to distinguish between the code/programme (Mind) and its material carrier as they are organized differently, they are made of different stuff.

Home work.
Please, think of these to get ready for the next lecture:
— Complexity, its examples in various walks of life.
— Moral values worth of striving for.

Notes from Anthropology For Social Activists, 13 Jan 2018

Human brain labelled with attributes (Ideality, Sublimity, Cautiousness, &c.) On Saturday, 13 January 2018 Michael Chumakin held the first lecture on Anthropology for Social Activists.


Notes from Anthropology For Social Activists



References. December 13, 2018

http://iaoa.org/, The International Association for Ontology and its Applications.
Ontology:

  • the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.
  • a set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the relations between them (e.g. god’s existence, atomic composition of things).
  • the term has a somewhat different meaning in IT industry; is currently used a lot in IT area.

Michael Chumakin: http://thinking-tools.livejournal.com/ , tag ‘English’, Измерение ума в рамках концепции речевого сознания / Михаил Михайлович Чумакин
ISBN 978-3-330-03287-3, speech consciousness, intellectual implements taxonomy.

Francis Bacon, 1561 – 1626. Induction: from observing facts to generalizing (as opposed to deduction). Knowledge is power. New Organon (new method, as opposed to Aristotle), science propagandist.

Galileo Galilei, 1564 – 1642. Acceleration, elescope, father of science: experiment, a trial.

Rene Descartes, 1596 – 1650. Algebra (x, y, z), cartesian coordinate graf, analytical geometry, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One’s Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences.

John Locke, 1632 – 1704. Social contract, “tabula rasa”: knowledge is determined only by experience derived from sense perception, empiricism.

Isaac Newton, 1642 – 1727. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. System of the World. Optics. Physical Laws. Gravitation.

Carl Linnaeus, 1707 – 1778, also known as Carl von Linné, Swedish, “binomial nomenclature” == “scientific name”. He is known by the epithet “father of modern taxonomy”.

Auguste Comte, 1798 – 1857, French philosopher known as the founder of sociology and of positivism.

Herbert Spencer, 1820 – 1903. Coined the phrase ‘survival of the fittest’, social Darwinism.

C. P. Snow, Rede Lecture, 1959: The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution.

Paul Feyerabend, Against Method: Outline of an Anarchist Theory of Knowledge, 1975, philosophy of science.

Positivism:

  1. a philosophical system that holds that every rationally justifiable assertion can be scientifically verified or is capable of logical or mathematical proof, and that therefore rejects metaphysics and theism.
  2. the theory that laws are to be understood as social rules, valid because they are enacted by authority or derive logically from existing decisions, and that ideal or moral considerations (e.g., that a rule is unjust) should not limit the scope or operation of the law.

Ludwig von Bertalanffy, 1901 – 1972. Zu einer allgemeinen Systemlehre, Biologia Generalis, 1948. General System Theory, 1968.

Humberto Maturana, born 1928. Autopoiesis, Structural Coupling And Cognition, 1973.
…living systems … existed … as autonomous totalities in a molecular medium with which they were in recursive molecular interchange. Through this understanding my claim became that a living system is a dynamic composite entity, realized as a unity as a closed network of productions of components such that through their interactions in composition and decomposition the components.

Sir David R. Hawkins, M.D., Ph.D., is an internationally renowned psychiatrist, consciousness researcher, spiritual lecturer, and mystic. Author of more than eight books, including the bestseller Power vs. Force, Dr. Hawkins’s work has been translated into more than 17 languages. In the 1970s, he co-authored Orthomolecular Psychiatry with Nobel Laureate Linus Pauling, revolutionizing the field of psychiatry.

Power vs. Force
Levels of human consciousness:
shame, guilt, apathy, grief, fear, desire, anger, pride, courage, neutrality, willingness, acceptence, reason, love, joy, peace, enlightment.

Science as a way to distinguish between two aspects, and go deeper at every step.

Scientifc reasoning is object oriented: there is a certain knowledge system(structure) related to a rigid object structure.

Philosphical reasoning uses categorial structures, categories. “What are the bases of my reasoning?”

Observation, hypothesis, theory, model, Math, formulae, experiment, formal logic, procedures, taxonomy.

Features of a dead matter thing vs a live matter object:

factors Dead matter Live matter
Being (existence) Eternal, static, constant Life-death cycles of any organism, thus: constant change; the whole population of a species tends to live forever
Condition of being independent Only under certain environmental conditions
Plus: needs other forms of life to survive
Laws of Nature e.g.: Instantaneous gravity force, other Newton Laws ‘Dead matter world’ laws plus laws of its own
Any part of an organism seems to work coordinated with other parts towards its survival, thus: function exchange among organism components
A sample avarage The best among all species

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