Notes from Anthropology for social activists.

On Saturday, February 10 2018 Michael Chumakin held the second lecture on Anthropology for Social Activists. Due to software malfunction he re-recorded his message a week later.

Notes for February 10-19, 2018

We are not in the business of finding better ways to explain the world;
but rather we are in the business of changing it.

1. Science.
We looked into science only to find the best possible sample of science, its thinking patterns.
It is classical mechanics and optics as done by G. Galilei, Newton, Kepler, Leibniz, and many others.
Other forms of knowledge: Mahabharata, the Vedas, the Bible, Russian fairy tales, the Iliad/Odyssey.

2. Science as hidden knowledge.
In ancient times that kind of knowledge was disclosed only to specifically chosen people. Pythagoras was one of them. The result was a much slower rate of social progress: the number of social changes was very low.
Socrat, Aristotle and stoics declared they can teach anyone for money.
Lyceum, other schools, universities opened floodgates for philosophy which was the original form of science. Hence the infamous ‘philosopher’s stone’ was a stone made according to science-philosophy, and now this science is known to everyone: beton, concrete.

Philosopher’s stone.
Recipe:
The water should weigh roughly half of that of the cement added. A concrete mix of 1 part cement : 2 parts sand : 4 parts coarse aggregate (by volume) should be used for footings. Concrete must be placed within half an hour of mixing.

Beton:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Davidovits
Davidovits, Joseph; Margie Morris (1988). The Pyramids: An Enigma Solved. New York: Dorset Press.

Science and common sense today. Why go deeper? There is some hidden knowledge today.

3. The crucial points to check for are:

Classical mechanics
biology
1
ontology
Matter is made of atoms; no God
Two major types of matter: dead and alive
2
Laws of nature
Light/gravity speed is instanteneuos
Two sets of laws; evolution; various kinds of eradiation
3
Laws of a concrete discipline
Newton laws, Kepler laws
taxonomy
4
Model of the object
Eternal, stable, tangible
Depends on the environment and other living orgs, life-death cycles, ever-changing; Hegel: the genus resides while individuals are transient;
autopoiesis (Objective Idea)
5
Specific intellectual implements (ii)
Formal logic,
Formal logic plus
6
super-concept
materialistic
Duality of live objects

4. Major scientific ii:
— formal logic;
— Math, formulae
— observation, collecting facts (data);
— hypothesis-theory; theory falsifiability-testability-refutability (Karl Popper)
— experiment;
— model is used to predict properties of the object in focus;
— continuity (it is based on previous research, develops former ideas), related to ajacent fields of knowledge (fizics-chemistry)

5. Aufheben or Aufhebung is a German word with several seemingly contradictory meanings, including “to lift up”, “to abolish”, “cancel” or “suspend”, or “to sublate”. The term has also been defined as “abolish”, “preserve”, and “transcend”. Refers mostly to social phenomena, like ‘socialism sublates capitalism’.
Samples of sublating:
a) egg –> larva –> caterpillar –> chrysalis –> butterfly
b) capitalism –> socialism. Capital, money, production for the sake of production are characteristic both for capitalism and socialism.
c) dead matter –> live matter. Hegel: “Individuum is mortal and the genus prevails for ever”.

6. The term autopoiesis (from Greek αὐτo- (auto-), meaning ‘self’, and ποίησις (poiesis), meaning ‘creation, production’) refers to a system capable of reproducing and maintaining itself. Humberto Maturana, constructivism.

Maturana, «AUTOPOIESIS, STRUCTURAL COUPLING AND COGNITION» : „living systems … existed … as autonomous totalities in a molecular medium with which they were in recursive molecular interchange. Through this understanding my claim became that a living system is a dynamic composite entity, realized as a unity as a closed network of productions of components such that through their interactions in composition and decomposition the components.“

7. Creaters of laser weapons who made a laser so powerful it could burn through a tank’s amour-plating could not harm a human body.
Splitting a dead matter molecule requires energy, and creating a new molecule (e.g.: making water) emits energy; vice versa for a bio-molecule: splitting a live matter molecule emits energy while creating a new one by combining two requires energy.

8. Progress from dead matter to live matter as sublating.

Origin of mind

1. life emergence: no clue.
There are two major hypotheses:
— it just happened so; it is a kind of a coincidence (Maturana, constructivism, coupling).
— there is a super Mind in the Universe who acts to his(her) own will; that very Mind conceived life on Earth.

2. The first signal system for feed back:
— nerves,
— nerves’ clusters;
— a specific nerves’ center.
Types of senses: light, sound, tactile, taste, gravity, acceleration, magnetic field, balance (up to 20 various senses).
There is one unversal frequency range for processing data in any earthly organism: 0.5 milliseconds.
The only way to get any advantage is to go deeper with data processing. Reasoning is nonphysiological: we cannot feel (experience) reasoning.

3. New step:
— consciousness monitor (screen);
— memory;
— processing pure data in that nervous center. Thinking, reasoning. Abstracting.
There are two major types of action in brain:
— senses, and
— abstract (virtual world center).
They differ in:
— speed,
— energy/ power consumption. Brain consumes up to 20% of all body energy.

4. Consciousness-unconsciousness, sleep.

5. Evaluation process: good/bad, comfortable, dangerous/threatening, vital/non-vital.

6. Huge leaps in increasing complexity through evolution.

Big number of factors multiplied by numerous links and effects on a number of levels. Singularity.

Technological singularity, a hypothetical moment in time when any physically conceivable level of technological advancement is attained instantaneously – up until physical limits are reached – usually as a consequence of artificial intelligence having progressed to the point where increasingly more efficient self-improvement is viable. Fictional examples – of robots brought about by per- and post-singularity technology – include Data from Star Trek and Marvin from The Hitchhikers’ Guide to the Galaxy.

7. Speech consciousness
Speech as the second sygnal system (I. Pavlov).
Sema as the minimum unit of meaning.
A sema serves as Lego pieces to construct words, word combinations, and sentences; thus people can make millions of words out of a limited number of basic units.
Estimated number of semas for one widely spread language: between 3 and 10 thousands depending on the usage area (there are thousands of technical terms that are used very rarely).
Words can be presented as semas combinations.
Example:
semas for the word ‘table’:
— a horizontal surface (walls are vertical)
— a flat surface
— a piece of furniture
— a place to eat at,
— a place to set stuff on,
— a flat surface with legs,
— stylistically neutral,
— and more.

Emotions/senses and modality serve as the markers for the semantic core. Cf.: barcode.

Neurophilosophy (the Churchlands) studies hardware instead of software.
Neurophilosophy treats Mind as an analogue device; thus they crack open human skulls and look into brain trying to locate words and thoughts.
If we see our Mind as a digital device we cannot locate exactly any part of code within body cells; it is the totality of our body (not only the brain) that bears reasoning.
We need to distinguish between the code/programme (Mind) and its material carrier as they are organized differently, they are made of different stuff.

Home work.
Please, think of these to get ready for the next lecture:
— Complexity, its examples in various walks of life.
— Moral values worth of striving for.

Notes from Anthropology For Social Activists, 13 Jan 2018

Human brain labelled with attributes (Ideality, Sublimity, Cautiousness, &c.) On Saturday, 13 January 2018 Michael Chumakin held the first lecture on Anthropology for Social Activists.


Notes from Anthropology For Social Activists



References. December 13, 2018

http://iaoa.org/, The International Association for Ontology and its Applications.
Ontology:

  • the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.
  • a set of concepts and categories in a subject area or domain that shows their properties and the relations between them (e.g. god’s existence, atomic composition of things).
  • the term has a somewhat different meaning in IT industry; is currently used a lot in IT area.

Michael Chumakin: http://thinking-tools.livejournal.com/ , tag ‘English’, Измерение ума в рамках концепции речевого сознания / Михаил Михайлович Чумакин
ISBN 978-3-330-03287-3, speech consciousness, intellectual implements taxonomy.

Francis Bacon, 1561 – 1626. Induction: from observing facts to generalizing (as opposed to deduction). Knowledge is power. New Organon (new method, as opposed to Aristotle), science propagandist.

Galileo Galilei, 1564 – 1642. Acceleration, elescope, father of science: experiment, a trial.

Rene Descartes, 1596 – 1650. Algebra (x, y, z), cartesian coordinate graf, analytical geometry, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One’s Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences.

John Locke, 1632 – 1704. Social contract, “tabula rasa”: knowledge is determined only by experience derived from sense perception, empiricism.

Isaac Newton, 1642 – 1727. Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. System of the World. Optics. Physical Laws. Gravitation.

Carl Linnaeus, 1707 – 1778, also known as Carl von Linné, Swedish, “binomial nomenclature” == “scientific name”. He is known by the epithet “father of modern taxonomy”.

Auguste Comte, 1798 – 1857, French philosopher known as the founder of sociology and of positivism.

Herbert Spencer, 1820 – 1903. Coined the phrase ‘survival of the fittest’, social Darwinism.

C. P. Snow, Rede Lecture, 1959: The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution.

Paul Feyerabend, Against Method: Outline of an Anarchist Theory of Knowledge, 1975, philosophy of science.

Positivism:

  1. a philosophical system that holds that every rationally justifiable assertion can be scientifically verified or is capable of logical or mathematical proof, and that therefore rejects metaphysics and theism.
  2. the theory that laws are to be understood as social rules, valid because they are enacted by authority or derive logically from existing decisions, and that ideal or moral considerations (e.g., that a rule is unjust) should not limit the scope or operation of the law.

Ludwig von Bertalanffy, 1901 – 1972. Zu einer allgemeinen Systemlehre, Biologia Generalis, 1948. General System Theory, 1968.

Humberto Maturana, born 1928. Autopoiesis, Structural Coupling And Cognition, 1973.
…living systems … existed … as autonomous totalities in a molecular medium with which they were in recursive molecular interchange. Through this understanding my claim became that a living system is a dynamic composite entity, realized as a unity as a closed network of productions of components such that through their interactions in composition and decomposition the components.

Sir David R. Hawkins, M.D., Ph.D., is an internationally renowned psychiatrist, consciousness researcher, spiritual lecturer, and mystic. Author of more than eight books, including the bestseller Power vs. Force, Dr. Hawkins’s work has been translated into more than 17 languages. In the 1970s, he co-authored Orthomolecular Psychiatry with Nobel Laureate Linus Pauling, revolutionizing the field of psychiatry.

Power vs. Force
Levels of human consciousness:
shame, guilt, apathy, grief, fear, desire, anger, pride, courage, neutrality, willingness, acceptence, reason, love, joy, peace, enlightment.

Science as a way to distinguish between two aspects, and go deeper at every step.

Scientifc reasoning is object oriented: there is a certain knowledge system(structure) related to a rigid object structure.

Philosphical reasoning uses categorial structures, categories. “What are the bases of my reasoning?”

Observation, hypothesis, theory, model, Math, formulae, experiment, formal logic, procedures, taxonomy.

Features of a dead matter thing vs a live matter object:

factors Dead matter Live matter
Being (existence) Eternal, static, constant Life-death cycles of any organism, thus: constant change; the whole population of a species tends to live forever
Condition of being independent Only under certain environmental conditions
Plus: needs other forms of life to survive
Laws of Nature e.g.: Instantaneous gravity force, other Newton Laws ‘Dead matter world’ laws plus laws of its own
Any part of an organism seems to work coordinated with other parts towards its survival, thus: function exchange among organism components
A sample avarage The best among all species

Download these notes: references-dec-13.odt (Open Document Text, 27.3 kBytes)

No @WRNonviolence meeting on Tuesday, 26 December 2017

43 Queen St. South | Queen Street Commons Cafe For the first time in years, we’ll be skipping our regular meeting at the Queen Street Commons Cafe this coming Tuesday, 26 December 2017. Holiday season, you know!

Join us again next week, Tuesday, 2 January 2018 and every Tuesday from 7:00pm to 9:00pm at QSC to discuss the week’s issues in the world, and to help plan upcoming activities to promote the practice of nonviolence in our community.

An Inconvenient Truth About Money

WR Nonviolence Presents

The world with countries as money

an
inconvenient truth
about money

a dialogue about the fundamental factors of our economy

Although money touches all aspects of our lives — from food, housing, and healthcare to government, science, and entertainment, few of us understand the disastrous effect that usury (loaning money at interest) has on us all.


An evening of information and exchange as we explore the impact of usury, and the solutions and building a more just world.

Wednesday 15 November 2017
Kitchener City Hall Council Chambers

7:00pm
Free Admission


City of Kitchener logoWR Nonviolence logoDollars & Sense logoUsury-Free logo

part of the 13th annual UsuryFree WEEK

Download the poster (.PDF, 7 MBytes)

Photos from the Human Peace Sign and Karaoke Night, 2 October 2017

On the last day of IDOPAN, the UN International Day of Nonviolence, people gathered at Kitchener City Hall to sing songs of peace and form a Human Peace Sign.

Pictures of the WR Nonviolence Day In The Park, Sunday, 9 July 2017

Media Release: WR Nonviolence Day In The Park 2017

Waterloo Region Nonviolence invites everyone to the annual Day in the Park Celebration

June 12, 2017. Waterloo ON.

Join Waterloo Region Nonviolence on Sunday, July 9, 2017 from 12pm-5pm on Victoria Park Island for the family friendly “Day in the Park” celebration!

Visitors can visit community group displays to learn about positive things happening in the Kitchener Waterloo community. There will also be local artists and vendors, live music, vegetarian friendly food options provided by Food not Bombs and KW Animal Save, and a children’s activities area.

It’s a great way to engage with the community and spend a wonderful Sunday afternoon in the park. We love getting together to highlight the great work groups are doing in our community, connect with each other, and build community centered around nonviolent principles.

The Day in the Park has been celebrating diversity, peace, and social justice since 2005, making this year’s festival the 13th annual Day in the Park celebration. In a world where we struggle against violence and fear, Waterloo Region Nonviolence focuses on positive ways we can engage with those around us, working for peace and positive relationships. We define Nonviolence as treating others the way you wish to be treated and when we apply that principle to our relationships at home, workplace and the world, we build the kind of world in which we want to live.

The Day in the Park is one of multiple events that WR Nonviolence hosts throughout the year, inspired by Nonviolence principles. Visit us at https://wrnonviolence.org. You can also find us on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/wrnonviolence

Contact

Emily Mininger
emilymininger@wrnonviolence.org

or

Matthew Albrecht
matthewalbrecht@wrnonviolence.org
+1–519–616–8571